PLANT CARE AND PRUNING INSTRUCTIONS
WATERING:    When it comes to watering trees, shrubs and flowers there isn't a simple answer.  Soil texture is a key factor.  Clay soils can hold three times as much water as sandy soils.  The temperature, rainfall, soil type, amount of sun/shade, and mulch will affect watering schedules.  Check soil by moving stone or mulch aside and dig a small hole 4 - 6" deep and feel for moisture.  You want moist soil, not wet.  If watering is needed, water to soak the soil deeply.  Deep watering's lead to desirable long roots.  Annuals and perennials have a shallow root system.  Check soil more frequently.

FERTILIZING:    Mix fertilizer thoroughly with your loose topsoil and scatter in the hole before you plant.  Do not just throw the fertilizer in the hole and cover, you may burn your plant roots.  Do not fertilize with high nitrogen fertilizers from August 15 to October 15.  You should fertilize once every spring or as needed after they are established.

STAKING:    Stake all trees for one year.

PLANT NAME WHEN TO PRUNE HOW TO PRUNE
SHRUBS    
Green Barberry
Red Barberry
Potentilla
(except longacre)
Dormant (late fall or early spring when there is no leaves on the plant) Cut down to ground 8-12" from the ground
Roses, FJ & Bonica Dormant/Late  
Roses, Climbing Early spring before flowering.  Prune off dead heads during flowering season. Cut main shoots back by approx. 1/3.  Remove any small twiggy growth.
Annabelle Hydranga
Goldflame Spirea
Crimson Glory Spirea
Dormant Cut down to 3 - 6" from the ground
Alpine
Amur Maple
Black Chokeberry
Beautybush
Buckthorn
Buffaloberry
Burning Bush
Canada Red Cherry
Coralberry
Cotoneaster
Dogwood
Note:  Dogwoods, cut out a few of the oldest and thick branches down at the ground level every year as the plant gets older.
Forsythia
Honeysuckle
Nanking Cherry
Ninebark
Privet
Purpleleaf Plum
Snowberry
St. Johns Wort
Sumac
Western Sandcherry
Willow
Dormant &/ or periodically throughout the summer Shear or trim to desired shape size if needed
Rhododendron
Nas Dogwood
Lilacs
Magnolia
Rose Tree of China
Spirea: Snowmound & Bridal Wreath
After they bloom in Spring DO NOT TRIM IN THE FALL. Trim to desired shape & size if needed
Hydrangea, PeeGee, Nikko Blue
Longacre Potentilla
Longacre Mock Orange
Spirea: alba Flora, Gumball, Crisp Leaf, Goldmound, 
Little Princess
Tamarix
Viburnum
Weigela
Dormant Trim to desired shape & size if needed
EVERGEENS    
Arborvitae
Juniper
Yews
Spring & Summer Shear once or twice to keep at desired size & shape
Mugo Pine Late Spring or Early Summer When the new shoots get between 1 - 2" before them open up; shear them in half & keep the plant rounded.
Juniper
Spruce
All other Evergreens
Spring or Summer Trim only if needed to shape
TREES    
Shade Trees
Ornamental Trees
Dormant
Wrap Trunk
*see directions below
Trim out damaged, diseased or crossing branches first.  Then trim to desired shape but only if needed.
Flowering Crab Apple
Fruit Trees
Dormant
Wrap Trunk
*see directions below
Trim as above, but keep the main branches trimmed in a spiral motion as they go up the tree
OTHER    
Clematis
Perennials
Ground Cover
After hard frost in late fall or early spring Cut down to the ground
BULBS After they bloom in the spring.  Wait until the leaves yellow - brown Cut down to ground
RABBITS AND RODENTS Tend to like these shrubs/trees.  We recommend placing a ring of small mesh wire around each shrub or tree for the winter months.  
TREE WRAP Wrap the trunk with the tree wrap every fall and  remove in early spring.   Wrap every fall until bark becomes rough.